The area around the Khyber Pass is and was dotted with fortified towers where people could barricade themselves in case of attack and store grain; during the many British military expeditions in the area during the 19th and early 20th century the
The word Mullah owes its origin to the Arabic "mawla", or "guardian." A mullah is the Muslim equivalent of a priest or religious authority and guide.
Muslims assembling for flight to Kabul during the Khilafat Movement.
This rare image, probably taken in the summer of 1920, was taken during the height of the Khilafat Movement against British rule.
This kind of postcard, showing the corpses of "raiders" who were said to have come to settled and cantonment areas in search of loot and were often also called "loosewalas" are found only in significant numbers in what was the former North West
The Kiss Khani [Storyteller's] Bazaar massacre on May 4th 1930 became an all-India scandal and helped launch Gandhi's Second Non-Cooperation Movement, a serious challenge to British rule that led to long prison sentences for Gandhi and the Frontier
The Bengal Bank was established in 1809; the building on the Mall in Lahore dates to sometime after 1883-4. Once one of the larger banks in the subcontinent, it was merged into the Imperial Bank of India in 1921, and then the Reserve Bank of India in