The word "Pariah" owes its origin to the Pariah caste of the Hindu society of India.
Moorli Dhur & Sons, at Ambala, a railway junction 130 miles away from Lahore, dominated the Punjab postcard market by 1910. Perhaps because of its distribution clout, it published a humorous series on different aspects of life for colonial foot
These kinds of offensive postcards seem to have been part of series by both Higginbotham's and their main competitor in South India, Spencer & Co.
A rare postcard of Moplah men. Moplahs were the descendants of Arab traders on the Malabar coast and local women.
Another evocative card by M.V. Dhurandhar injects personality into the roving washerman. In the background is an edifice of the "new" Bombay while in the foreground we see the age-old profession of washermen cleaning the resident's laundry.
Dinshaw Billimoria (1904-1942) was one of India's most famous silent film actors, and became best known for his success in R. S. Choudhury's Anarkali (1928). He made the transition to sound films successfully in the early 1930s, but died at the age
An early Dhurandhar postcard showing, as he was wont to do, the new types springing up in the city of Bombay as office workers and other people wearing Western shoes needed to replace their laces.
Part of an offensive series by both Higginbotham's showing domestic staff in various acts of revolt, dereliction or other transgressions that would have made colonists laugh and feel slightly uncomfortable.
One of Moorli Dhur's series on Indian domestic staff shows a cook cutting a bird with a knife between his toes while smoking a hookah. Many publishers – Johnston & Hoffman in Kolkata, Higginbothams in Chennai, Thacker, Spink & Co.