Mumbai grew from the 1860s through the 1890s largely because of the international cotton trade, which went from exporting cotton to textile manufacturing mills dotting the city.
The Colaba Causeway, now known as Bhagat Singh Road, was opened in 1838 and connected Colaba and what was known as Old Woman's Island with the mainland of Bombay.
This postcard actually shows a young Gohar Jan (right) and her mother Malka Jan, both famous dancers and singers. Gohar Jan was the first recorded Indian artist, by the Gramophone company in 1904. She can be heard on YouTube.
This image was used
Damayanti was the wife of Nala, the king of Nishadha Kingdom
[Original caption] Being separated from her husband Nala, the fair Damayanti enters her fathers place, yet feeling deeply for her husband, she is represented as sitting in a moon light, her
There were numerous famines during the Raj, some like this one around the turn of the century, often simultaneous with plagues that came to Bombay by ship.
An Indian Bungalow or single story house.
The word bungalow derives from the Gujarati word baṅglo and means "Bengali", used to communicate "house in the Bengal style". Such houses were traditionally small, thatched and had a wide veranda.
Buddhism had largely departed India by this time, having flourished between the 3rd century BCE and 13th century CE, but its temples still stood and were frequently subjects of postcards.
The bicycle was something quite new in Bombay at the turn of the century, and often featured on postcards, frequently with women as drivers.